The Aerospace sector experienced strong growth over the last decade, with Singapore enhancing its capabilities in advanced manufacturing, and maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO). Singapore is known as the MRO hub of the region, accounting for an estimated 10% of the global market, pre-COVID-19. In 2018, the industry employed a workforce of 22,000 predominantly Singaporeans, two-thirds in the category of PMETs, producing an output of S$11.3 billion.
This growth momentum continued in 2019 on the back of a higher volume of repair and maintenance jobs from commercial airlines. Guided by the Aerospace Industry Transformation Map, aerospace companies pursued innovation, and many started integrating automation and digital technologies in their processes and shop floors. Workers were upskilled to ensure competence with advanced technologies such as automation equipment, data analytics, IOT, advanced materials, non-destructive testing and process automation, etc.
With the COVID-19 crisis, air travel took a direct hit with consequent impact on airlines, aircraft manufacturers and aerospace companies. The International Air Transport Association has forecast that air travel will only recover to 2019 levels in 2024. While the industry is doing its best to retain its workforce and capabilities in support of Singapore’s air hub and the eventual economic recovery, some companies have already had to trim their workforce in the face of the sustained weak market outlook.
The sector employs a diverse range of skills. The four major functional skills tracks are Aircraft Maintenance, Fleet Management, Aircraft Engine Overhaul and Component Repair, and Manufacturing. Aside from technical skills, aerospace employees are generally well-versed in safety assurance, standards compliance, and quality management, given that it is a highly regulated industry.
Sample Job Roles In The Aerospace Sector
The table below gives a description of skills involved in some sample job roles.
|Work Function||Aircraft or engine maintenance/repair technician||Process technician (engine build/machining/quality control/NDT)|
|Legislation and regulation||· Basic human factors & error management
· Interpret basic regulatory requirements
|Maintenance||· Specific skills – e.g. painting, cleaning, disassembly/assembly, inspection, maintenance of aircraft equipment or parts, machining, plating, polishing etc||· Specific skills – e.g. engine build processes, handle, inspect and pack, CNC machining, surface coating, surface preparation and finishing, material hot processing, rig and derig engine for tests|
|Operations/ Production||· Handle measurement instruments, set up and operate coordinate measuring machine
· Perform dimensional and geometric measurements
|People & relationship management||· Teamwork and communications||· Similar|
|Personal management and development||· Adapting to change, self-management and personal effectiveness, etc||· Similar|
|Planning and implementation||· Critical thinking and analysis||· Similar|
|Productivity and innovation||· Basic lean techniques, continuous improvement techniques, lean thinking||· Similar|
|Quality||· Apply ISO9001 and other QMS, perform inspections, use of measuring equipment, statistical process control||· Similar|
|Specialised processes||· Non-destructive inspection techniques, welding, heat or surface treatment, etc||· Advanced gas tungsten arc welding, diffusion bonding, NDT|
|Workplace safety and health||· WSH practices, basic safety practices and documentation||· Similar|
SOURCE OF CONTENTS
The Association of Aerospace Industries (Singapore)